Criminology is a set of knowledge that deals with crime, crime and its causes, the victim, social control of the criminal act, as well as the personality of the criminal and how to re-socialize it. Etymologically the term derives from the Latin criminal “crime” and the Greek logos “treaty” or “study”, thus being the “study of crime”.
It is an empirical and interdisciplinary science. It is empirical because it is based on the experience of observation, facts and practice rather than opinions and arguments. It is interdisciplinary and therefore formed by the dialogue of a number of sciences and disciplines, such as biology, psychopathology, sociology, politics, anthropology, law, criminalistics, philosophy and others.
When it emerged, criminology sought to explain the origin of delinquency (crime), using the natural science method, the etiology, that is, sought the cause of crime.
One of the attributions of criminology is to elaborate a series of theories and hypotheses on the reasons for the increase of a particular crime. Criminologists are in charge of giving this type of information to those who elaborate criminal policy, who, in turn, idealize solutions, propose laws, etc. This last step is done through criminal law. Subsequently, again the criminologist will assess the impact of this new law on crime.
The criminologist is interested in the causes and the reasons for the offense. Usually it seeks to make a diagnosis of the crime and a typology of the criminal, as well as a classification of the crime committed. These causes and motives range from assessing the environment prior to crime, the experiential and emotional antecedents of the offender, to the motivation that leads the aggressor to practice pragmatic crime.
Criminology is modern science, being a specific and qualified way of knowledge and a systematization of the knowledge of various disciplines. From the experimentation of this multidisciplinary knowledge arise theories (a body of systematized concepts that allow to know a given realm of reality).
As a science, criminology has its own object and a methodological rigor that includes the need for experimentation, the possibility of refutation of its theories and the awareness of the transitoriness of its postulates. Although interdisciplinary is also an autonomous science, not confusing with any of the areas that contribute to its formation and without letting consider the dialectical game of social reality as a whole.
Criminology is the crime, the criminal (who is the subject that engages in a criminogenic situation from which the crime derives), the mechanisms of social control (formal and informal) that act on crime; and the victim (who sometimes may even have some guilt in the event).
Studies in criminology are divided into two branches that are interdependent. There is on the one hand the Clinical Criminology (bio anthropological) – this one is used of the individual method, (particular, case, biological, experimental), that involves the induction. On the other hand we see the General (sociological) Criminology, this one is used of the statistical method (of group, statistical, sociological, historical) that emphasizes the procedure of deduction.
Topic Suggestions for Criminology articles
Below is a list of some of the interesting topics of Criminology articles:
- Judicial activism and extensive / creative interpretation
- Control of Conventions in Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure
- Compliance and criminal investigation
- Actuarial Criminology and Criminal Law
- Customs Criminal Law
- The crisis of criminal execution in Brazil
- Crime and the new information and communication technologies
- Time, reasonable length of time and remand
Being an interdisciplinary camo, it is possible to mention many themes and sub-themes, which can guarantee exemplary and interesting articles of Criminology.
The publication of Criminology articles
The publication of scientific articles is undoubtedly one of the most relevant elements of academic activity. Through publications, the academic community learns different topics and, in particular, acquires contact with a specific author and research institution. A quality teaching institution should therefore excel at the continuous publication of academic papers produced by its professors and students in order to improve the dialogue between the interested parties and expose the academic community to the results of their research in their different programs (undergraduate , master’s, doctorate) and research groups.
Criminology article structure
The difficulty in structuring an article is one of the most common hurdles for beginning the scientific career and even for experienced researchers. Before writing articles on criminology, it is advisable first to make a sketch and then divide all the work into steps.
Write notes about the readings, sketch out your ideas, review lesson notes, try to explain the main ideas, write the sketch of the whole article (its structure).
The author should clarify for himself how he intends to explain the various terms and positions he will discuss, such as presenting opposing positions to his arguments and thesis, such as presenting a criticism to his opponent. The overall clarity of the article will depend on its structure. An outline of a 5- to 6-page article should have at least one page. If the sketch has been well worked out, much of the work will be done.
Here is a list of steps in which you are advised to divide your work before writing Criminology articles.
Before writing, it is necessary to understand the question that will be discussed in the article. Recoleter any important and reliable information on the issue and identify relevant sources from where you can get additional information that can address the issue properly. Arguments of Criminology are most often related to types of crime or associated theories. It is therefore necessary to first understand the question, to consider the various parts of the questions, and to try to explain the interrelationships between them. Compare the objects in the questions, present an argument, and make critical remarks about how a given question needs to be answered. Present the topic to be discussed, formulating the central problem early in the article, keeping it in mind throughout the writing process. Thus, everything you write will be connected with the problem or central issue.
Analyzing the issue is an important activity before you start writing. Once you have a detailed analysis of the questions, the student will be aware of the terms that need to be researched, what type of information will be needed, and what method to use to collect the information that can form the basis for answering the question. Gathering information becomes easier when you know the exact term that needs to be searched.
Planning – Writing and formatting
After a thorough research on the topic and the required information collected, the next step is to design a structure such that the information collected is grouped under various themes and organize the themes in a meaningful order. Information should be organized in different subheadings so that information is easy to use without confusion. Such an arrangement will help to decide what the author intends to develop at work. This will form the Introduction and will lay the basis for the argument in the following sections. The Introduction should demonstrate the understanding and importance of the research question and how the author will present the answer. The next step will be to present a valid argument through critical analysis.
The formatting of the article is of paramount importance. There are some institutions, universities, and other agencies that set their own guidelines on margin, font size, style, and presentation form.
Writing Criminology articles is not just a matter of developing the topic. It is also a reflection on the content, and the correct use of spelling and grammar. After completing all text, you should reread the entire document to ensure that any inappropriate content or repetitive and unnecessary words are deleted and to correct spelling and grammatical errors.
I use the citations
It is vitally important that the author cites and refers to any source he used to carry out his work. The citations and references presented are a demonstration that you are providing credit for other people’s ideas.
However, when writing your text, try not to summarize it only to a list of citations. Make sure there is your original thinking at work.